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How many countries are there in North America?

If you research how many countries are there in North America, you’ll find that the number 23 keeps coming up. Well, I agree – there are 23 countries in the North American continent. 

In terms of the continents, the ‘New World’, aka the Americas, is divided up into North and South American continents. It can be a little confusing because what about Central America, and the Caribbean? I’ll explain that further down. In this article, I’m focussing on the Continent of North America, if you want to check out how many countries in South America you’re in luck because I’ve just posted that list too.

North America is the third largest continent on the planet and covers over 9,000,000 square miles. The answer to how many countries are there in North America is 23, plus there are also a few dependent territories, which don’t make the cut as they’re not officially countries (like the British Virgin Islands, or BVI, for example). If you’re also wondering how many countries are there in the world, read my blog post about that. The answer is 197 by the way!

Me Visiting every country in North America

From April 2016 to March  2017 I visited all 23 countries in North America. Starting in Mexico, and Overlanding all the way down to Panama. From there, I flew to Colombia to study Spanish for a couple of months in Medellin, and then started the overland process again, all the way down to Ushuaia where I took a boat to Antarctica. After that, I flew from Ushuaia to Guiana and began to visit every country in the Caribbean. Quite the adventure, believe me!

Havana Classic Car Tour
Me Traveling in Cuba

So there are 23 countries in North America? What are they?

I’m sure that you don’t need me to tell you that the ‘big 3’ in North America are Canada, USA and Mexico. Canada occupies the most amount of land and the USA has the largest population. From a continental perspective, North America also includes both the regions of Central America and the Caribbean islands too. So, let’s look at all the countries in North America on my list of 23. 

  1. Antigua and Barbuda (Caribbean)
  2. Bahamas (Caribbean)
  3. Barbados (Caribbean)
  4. Belize (Central America)
  5. Canada
  6. Costa Rica (Central America)
  7. Cuba (Caribbean – don’t visit Cuba without experiencing the Havana Classic Car tour, so much fun!)
  8. Dominica (Caribbean)
  9. Dominican Republic (Caribbean)
  10. El Salvador (Central America)
  11. Grenada (Caribbean)
  12. Guatemala (Central America)
  13. Haiti (Caribbean)
  14. Honduras (Central America)
  15. Jamaica (Caribbean)
  16. Mexico
  17. Nicaragua (Central America)
  18. Saint Kitts and Nevis (Caribbean)
  19. Panama (Central America)
  20. Saint Lucia (Caribbean)
  21. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (Caribbean)
  22. Trinidad and Tobago (Caribbean)
  23. United States of America 

Have a look for yourself here on the North America Countries Map:

How many countries in north america
How many countries in North America
How many countries make up North America
How many countries makeup North America; Mexico! I visited Chichen Itza from Cancun, Mexico

Why is Central America and the Caribbean counted as North America?

Prepare to be confused! Ok, sometimes people refer to North America and South America as Continental America, i.e together they are just 1 continent. However, most of the world use a 7 continent model, which means North and South America are broken up and considered as 2 separate continents, separating at the southern Panama border. With this in mind the 11 countries in Central America can’t be considered its own continent (it can be classed as a subcontinent since it lies within continental ‘America’). Equally then, geographically speaking, the Caribbean falls on top of the same tectonic plate as the rest of the North American countries listed, thereby including all of it within ‘North America’ too. 

If you’re curious about how many countries in the Caribbean specifically, the answer is 13! As well as 21 dependencies. You can read all about that in my blog post here

How many countries make up North America
How many countries make in North America; Belize, Central America

Don’t Forget The 22 Dependent Territories In North America

If you’ve read some of my other articles then you’ll know all about territories that are dependencies of other countries. If you want to remind yourself about the definition of what a country is versus what a dependent territory is, then click here to read my simple explanation – you’ll soon see that it’s not easy to figure out what constitutes as a country. I know some people consider the following places countries, but unfortunately, they are not officially, or technically, countries!

The dependent territories in North America are:

  1. Anguilla (UK)
  2. Aruba (Netherlands)
  3. Bermuda (UK)
  4. Bonaire (Netherlands)
  5. British Virgin Islands (UK)
  6. Cayman Islands (UK)
  7. Clipperton Island (France)
  8. Curacao (Netherlands)
  9. Greenland (Denmark) – You maybe thought that Greenland was in Europe, but no, it’s in North America?
  10. Guadeloupe (France)
  11. Martinique (France)
  12. Montserrat (UK)
  13. Navassa Island (USA)
  14. Puerto Rico (USA)
  15. Saba (Netherlands)
  16. Saint Barthelemy (France)
  17. Saint Martin (France)
  18. Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)
  19. Sint Eustatius (Netherlands)
  20. Sint Maarten (Netherlands)
  21. Turks and Caicos Islands (UK)
  22. US Virgin Islands (USA)

What’s Your Count of North America Countries?

I’m going to conclude that there are 23 countries in North America and 22 territories. How about you? It’d be interesting to hear what you guys think and also let me know how many of the 45 places above you’ve visited. Let me know what you’re thinking by popping your number in the comment section below along with your reasoning.

How many countries in North America?
How many countries in North America? Guatemala, Central America

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13 thoughts on “How many countries are there in North America?

  1. “Equally then, geographically speaking, the Caribbean falls on top of the same tectonic plate as the rest of the North American countries listed” …

    This is incorrect, you might want to read up a bit on plate tectonics.

  2. I thought Greenland was an independent country but here is the official information regarding that.

    Since 1721, Denmark has held colonies in Greenland, but the country was made part of Denmark in 1953. In 1979 Denmark granted Home Rule to Greenland, and in 2009 expanded Self Rule was inaugurated, transferring yet more decision making power and more responsibilities to the Greenlandic government.

  3. Hi there! I like the article but I believe Grenada is part of the Caribbean. Why does it not say in brackets ‘(Caribbean)’ to the right of Grenada?

    Only Canada, U.S. America and Mexico should not have the extra info beside them whether it’s ‘(Central America)’ or ‘(Caribbean)’.

    Can you please fix it up and say – ‘Grenada (Caribbean)’?

  4. Thanks for sharing. But, please write on how many countries we have in Africa. I want share it with my friends.

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