How many countries in Asia?
Technically speaking, there are 47 countries in Asia (50 if you include Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia ‘Asian‘, and not ‘European‘ – which I don’t). It depends on what you call a country, but the answer is somewhere between 46-50 countries in Asia. That depends if you include Tibet, Palestina, and Taiwan as independent nations (as I do). So how many exactly depends on your personal opinion, I explain below.
If you’ve read my article about how many countries are there in the world you’ll understand what constitutes a country, and what doesn’t. If you follow my blog you’ll know that Southeast Asia has been my adopted home for several years, I bought a condo in Bangkok and made Thailand my home. In my journey to every country in the world, visiting all 47 countries in Asia was a little easier for me as it’s my ‘home’ continent’
Asia is by far the largest continent on the planet. It covers the most land with Russia occupying around a third of the region. It also has the biggest population, China (1.42 billion) and India (1.35 billion) pretty much guarantee that they’re always going to be top of the list size-wise.
The United Nations Lists 49 countries that are in Asia
As I’ve explained in my ‘every country in the world ‘ article, the UN doesn’t always get the number of countries correct due to their political persuasions. I have listed the 49 countries below. And I’ve then explained why the UN’s list of 49 is different my list of 47 countries in Asia.
It’s a little confusing because both the UN and the real number of countries in Asia differ, but they’re made up of different countries. scroll down below and it will become clear.
The 49 countries the UN considers within Asia:
- Afghanistan (A strange place to take my mum on holiday, BUT I did it, when we travelled to Afghanistan last year!)
- Armenia* (I disagree with the UN here and consider Armenia part of Europe)
- Azerbaijan* (Lots of things to do in Azerbaijan, but it can also be considered part of Europe))
- Bhutan (Home to the Tiger’s Nest Monastery)
- Cyprus (I disagree with the UN here and consider Cyrpus part of Europe)
- Georgia (I disagree and consider Georgia to be a part of Europe)
- Egypt (I disagree with the UN here and consider Egypt part of Africa)
- Iraq (Travel to Iraq isn’t so common, but it’s a beautiful country)
- Japan (I climbed Mount Fuji there with my mum!)
- Jordan (Check out a 1 week itinerary in Jordan)
- Myanmar (formerly Burma)
- North Korea
- Saudi Arabia
- Singapore (Check ut my 2 day Singapore Itinerary)
- South Korea
- Sri Lanka
- Syria (Travel to Syria is tough, but last year I took a group of my blog readers)
- Thailand (Check out my home city, 3 day Bangkok Itinerary)
- Timor-Leste (East Timor)
- United Arab Emirates (UAE)
- Yemen (I now run tours to Socotra, Yemen – next one is in January 2021, let me know if you’d like to join!)
The UN considers the 49 countries above within Asia, but wait!
I’ve removed 5 countries, leaving us with 44 countries in Asia. These are the countries removed:
If you locate Cyprus on the map you’ll soon notice that it is a lot closer to Europe than Asia, so it comes as no surprise that people often list it as being part of Asia but historically it’s seen as part of Europe. Its location is so open to interpretation that some people even place it in the Middle East.
- Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia
The Eurasian Caucasus region includes Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. So everything within that mountain range is therefore considered Europe in terms of the European tectonic plate. Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, therefore, are all considered part of Europe. Turkey is separate from that logic as it stretches further still south into the Middle East which is definitively part of the Asian continent. For example too, Most Armenians consider themselves to be European and not Asian.
Egypt stretches from the northeastern part of Africa all the way into the Middle East. It may be transcontinental but over 90% of Egypt is within Africa. The majority of the country lies in Africa and just a tiny portion in Asia with the Sinai Peninsula. So it shouldn’t be considered part of Asia, but instead Africa.
Taiwan, Palestine and Hong Kong explained
The UN stated 49. We took away 5, leaving us with 44. Now we’ll add 3 more countries to that 44, bringing us back to 47. The 3 additional Asian countries are as follows:
45 – Taiwan
100% a county. The reason is doesn’t make the UN list is because China claims ownership of the territory. China, as we all know, wields a huge amount of power globally so unfortunately there aren’t any big players forcing the issue for Taiwan to be officially recognised as an independent state.
46 – Palestine
100% a country. I’d say it’s one of my favourite place in the world. It is a non-member observer state by the UN and 138 UN members recognise it as a country – an interesting fact I learnt when there was that Russia was one of the first to recognise it as an independent state.
47 – Hong Kong
The one that is up for debate the most. Hong Kong is an autonomous region which is officially part of China (prior to 1997 it was part of the UK). It’s a special case because it’s part of the ‘one country, two systems’ idea – they control most things apart from defence and foreign affairs. They have their own passport, their own flag and it seems like the large majority doesn’t identify as being part of China – so, for me, it’s a country. The Chinese will disagree.
Other Territories With Internal Sovereignty in Asia
So that’s my count list of 47 countries that I see as part of Asia. There are 3 more places in the continent I don’t add to the list of countries. These are places that belong to other sovereign states, but in many people’s eyes, they are countries. I’ll let you decide what you think about that.
Macau is an interesting place which is well worth a visit if you’re in Hong Kong, you can have a flutter in the casinos and check out the colonial architecture from when it was a Portuguese colony. It doesn’t as a country though, it is a special administrative region which is owned by China.
- Iraqi Kurdistan
Iraqi Kurdistan is an autonomous region in the northern part of Iraq., it has its own regional government but isn’t a country. In the capital city, Erbil, they have 32 diplomatic missions, plus the UN and EU. I think it’s close to a country as you can get, with it’s own flag and national sports teams. I can’t add it to my list just yet though – but you have to visit if you want to tick off every place in Asia.
Ethnically and culturally independent of China, with a different language, flag and national identity. But China ‘owns’ Tibet for want of a better word. Although you need special permits/visas to enter Tibet, Tibetans do carry Chinese passports, and adhere to Chinese law.
Final Thoughts On How Many Countries in Asia
How many countries are there in Asia? 47 (my count), 49 (UN count), 50 (the fair count).
So, are we looking for an official count of how many countries there are in Asia? The answer is 47 (46 if you don’t consider Hong Kong independent enough of China to be seen as a country).
If we’re looking at how many places you need to have on your list to say you’ve travelled to Asia fully then I think that’s 52. The standard 52 from above + Iraqi Kurdistan, Tibet, and Macau. What do you guys think? Let me know if you agree with my count.
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